The first two aircraft (a Tu-160 and a Tu-95MS) departed Pryluky on 5 November.
During the following months, the seven other Tu-160s flew to Engels, with the last two arriving on 21 February 2001.
The prototype was photographed by an airline passenger at a Zhukovsky Airfield in November 1981, about a month before the aircraft's first flight on 18 December 1981.
Production was authorized in 1984, beginning at the Kazan Aircraft Production Association.
In 1992, Russia unilaterally suspended its flights of strategic aviation in remote regions.
A total of 19 Tu-160s were stationed inside the newly-independent Ukraine during the fall of the Soviet Union.
The Tu-160M modernisation programme has begun with the first updated aircraft delivered in December 2014.The first competition for a supersonic strategic heavy bomber was launched in the Soviet Union in 1967.